Last Ice Age

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CretaceousLast Ice Age | 30,000 B.C.

Before 1900

Prehistoric eras: PrecambrianCarboniferousPermianCretaceous

B.C.E.: Last Ice Age30,0008,0001,100
C.E.: 15021853

1900-1949: 19081915192019261931193219331934193819421943194419451946194719481949

'50s: 1950195119521953195419551956195719581959

'60s: 1960196119621963196419651966196719681969

'70s: 1970197119721973197419751976197719781979

'80s: 1980198119821983198419851986198719881989

'90s: 1990199119921993199419951996199719981999

'00s: 2000200120022003200420052006200720082009

'10s: 2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
'20s: 20202021202220232024
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The Last Ice Age, referred to in technical terms as the Last Glacial Period and commonly called the Ice Age, is a glacial period in Earth's history. It spans the later part of the Quaternary Period (a time period from 2.58 million years ago to the present day), starting from circa 115,000 years ago during the later part of the Pleistocene Epoch, and ending circa 11,500 years ago at around the beginning of the Holocene Epoch.

In the real world

  • Following the Last Interglacial, the Ice Age begins. Considerable glaciation occurs, especially in the Northern Hemisphere, with ice sheets surging south across much of North America, Europe, and Asia. The Bering Strait is closed off due to global sea-level drops, forming a land bridge between Russia and Alaska.
  • Alongside some modern mammals, many varieties of famous megafauna roam the land, including the woolly and Columbian mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius and M. columbi, respectively) and the woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis), as well as mastodons (Mammut spp.), glyptodonts, and ground sloths; alongside them roam carnivores such as the giant short-faced bear (Arctodus simus), the dire wolf (Aenocyon dirus), two species of saber-toothed cats (Smilodon fatalis from North America and S. populator from South America), and terror birds. Multiple species of hominins live during this time as well, including Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) and anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens).
  • The Ice Age ends as global temperatures rise, causing ice sheets to recede and glaciers to melt, leaving behind much of the modern world's characteristics.
    • The end of the Ice Age would also see the extinction of many megafauna and other mammals of the Ice Age. The causes are thought to be either the changing climate and environment, overkill hunting tactics employed on megafauna by early humans of the time, or possibly both. Homo sapiens is the only australopith hominin that lives past the end of the Ice Age.

In fiction


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