Gamera (1965 film)

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Credits for Gamera (1965 film)


Gamera Films
None
Gamera
Gamera vs. Barugon
Kadokawa Pictures (Daiei Motion Picture Company) Monster Movie
Japanese poster for Gamera
Gamera
Alternate Titles
Flagicon Japan.png Giant Monster Gamera (1965)
Flagicon United States.png Gammera, the Invincible (1966)
See alternate titles
Directed by Noriaki Yuasa
Produced by Hidemasa Nagata, Yonejiro Saito, Masaichi Nagata
Written by Nisan Takahashi, Yonejiro Saito
Music by Tadashi Yamauchi
Distributor DaieiJP
Harris Associates, Inc.US
Rating Not Rated
Budget ¥40,000,000
Running Time 80 minutesJP
(1 hour, 20 minutes)
86 minutesUS
(1 hour, 26 minutes)
Aspect Ratio 2.35:1
Rate this film!
3.75
(16 votes)

Gamera (大怪獣ガメラ,   Daikaijū Gamera?, lit. Giant Monster Gamera), also known as Gamera: The Giant Monster or Gammera, the Invincible, is a 1965 tokusatsu kaiju film produced by Daiei Motion Picture Company. It was released to Japanese theaters on November 27, 1965.

The film is similar in nature to the popular Godzilla films, and is also the first in a series of films about Gamera.

Plot

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The film opens with Gamera's awakening from the unintentional detonation of an atomic bomb during a dogfight between American and Russian fighters. Like other "giant monster" movies, Gamera wastes no time in causing a rampage of destruction, first destroying a research ship, then making his way to Japan to wreak havoc. In an attempt to stop the monster, Gamera is sedated and vast amounts of dynamite are placed under him. The explosion knocks the monster on his back and it seems as though the problem has been solved. This is not the case, however, as Gamera reveals his ability to fly. A second plan is devised to stop the monster, this time by baiting him into a rocket that is to be launched to Mars. The plan is successful and Earth is safe from Gamera.

While Gamera does share many similarities with other "giant monster" films, especially the Godzilla series, it does contain one notable difference. At one point in the film, Gamera saves a small boy named Toshio Sakurai (renamed "Kenny" in the English version from Sandy Frank Productions) from death after knocking down a lighthouse. This leads the young boy to conclude that Gamera is not really destructive, but merely misunderstood and out of place in the world. This is a concept that would be seen in many monster movies to come.

Staff

Main article: Gamera (1965 film)/Credits.

Staff role on the left, staff member's name on the right.

  • Directed by   Noriaki Yuasa
  • Written by   Nisan Takahashi
  • Produced by   Masaichi Nagata
  • Music by   Tadashi Yamauchi
  • Cinematography by   Nobuo Munekawa
  • Edited by   Tatsuji Nakashizu
  • Production Design by   Akira Inoue
  • Assistant Directing by   Kiyoshi Ishida
  • Special Effects by   Yonesaburo Tsukiji

Gammera the Invincible

Staff role on the left, staff member's name on the right.

  • Directed by   Sandy Howard
  • Written by   Richard Kraft
  • Cinematography by   Julian Townsend
  • Edited by   Ross-Gaffney Inc.
  • Production Design by   Hank Aldrich
  • Assistant Directing by   Sid Cooperschmidt

Cast

Main article: Gamera (1965 film)/Credits.

Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.

  • Eiji Funakoshi   as   Dr. Hidaka
  • Junichiro Yamashita   as   Aoyagi
  • Michiko Sugata   as   Nobuyo Sakurai
  • Harumi Kiritachi   as   Kyoko Yamamoto
  • Yoshiro Kitahara   as   Mr. Sakurai
  • Bokuzen Hidari   as   Old Farmer
  • Jun Hamamura   as   Professor Murase
  • Jutaro Hojo   as   Self-Defense Force Commander
  • Yoshio Yoshida   as   Eskimo Chief
  • Kenji Oyama   as   Minister of Defense
  • Jun Osanai   as   Chidori Maru Captain
  • Koji Fujiyama   as   U.S. Arctic Base Commander
  • Ichigen Ohashi   as   Mr. Ueda
  • Munehiko Takada   as   Soviet Representative
  • Kenichi Tani   as   Officer
  • Tsutomu Nakata   as   Toshio's Uncle
  • Yuji Moriya   as   News Announcer
  • Osamu Maruyama   as   Atomic Energy Research Institute Chief
  • Yoshiro Uchida   as   Toshio Sakurai
  • Toshio Maki   as   Atomic Energy Research Institute Staff A
  • Kazuo Sumida   as   Atomic Energy Research Institute Staff B
  • Rin Sugimori   as   Police Station Chief
  • Fumiko Murata   as   Old Farmer's Wife
  • Tetsuro Takeuchi   as   Japan Broadcasting Station Announcer
  • Kyosuke Shiho   as   Fish Seller A
  • Ken Nakahara   as   Fish Seller C
  • Kazuo Mori   as   Chidori Maru Radioman

Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.

  • Shunji Sayama   as   Fish Seller B
  • Daihachi Kita   as   Chidori Maru Navigator
  • Kenji Ohba   as   Self-Defense Force Soldier B
  • Yasuo Araki   as   Self-Defense Force Soldier A
  • Daigo Inoue   as   Self-Defense Force Adjutant
  • Shin Minatsu   as   Sapporo Broadcasting Station Announcer
  • Akira Shimizu   as   Dancing Youth
  • Shinichi Matsuyama   as   Operator A
  • Ikuji Oka   as   U.S. Fighter Pilot
  • Fujii Tatsushi   as   Official at Haneda Airport
  • Kenichiro Yamane   as   Geothermal Station Engineer
  • Wakayo Matsumura   as   Customer
  • Chiduru Ko   as   Stripper A (deleted scene)
  • Ryoko Oki   as   Stripper B (deleted scene)
  • Takehiko Goto   as   Self-Defense Force Cessna Pilot
  • Toichiro Kagawa   as   Operator B
  • Ichiro Ise   as   Reporter A
  • Shinji Sahara   as   Reporter B
  • Hajime Munechika   as   Reporter C
  • Himawari Theatrical Troupe
  • M. Apanay
  • Richardson   as   U.S. Arctic Base Personnel
  • Streihan   as   U.S. Arctic Base Personnel
  • Ranson   as   U.S. Arctic Base Personnel
  • Brown   as   U.S. Arctic Base Personnel
  • Hartman   as   U.S. Arctic Base Personnel

Gammera the Invincible

Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.

  • Albert Dekker   as   Secretary of Defense
  • Brian Donlevy   as   General Terry Arnold
  • Diane Findlay   as   Sergeant Susan Embers
  • John Baragrey   as   J.T. Standish
  • Dick O'Neill   as   General O'Neill
  • Mort Marshall   as   Jules Manning
  • Alan Oppenheimer   as   Dr. Contrare
  • Steffen Zacharias   as   Senator Billings
  • Thomas Stubblefield   as   Captain Lovell
  • Gene Bua   as   Lieutenant Clark
  • Bob Carraway   as   Lieutenant Simpson
  • John McCurry   as   A1C Hopkins
  • Walter Arnold   as   American Ambassador
  • Louis Zorich   as   Russian Ambassador
  • Robin Craven   as   British Ambassador

Gallery

Main article: Gamera (1965 film)/Gallery.

U.S. Release

Gammera.jpg
Gamera was the only film in the original Gamera series to be released to American theaters. It was originally presented in America by World Entertainment Corp. and Harris Associates, Inc. who released it under the title Gammera, the Invincible, with two "m"s. All subsequent entries in the series spelled the main character's name "Gamera," and were released directly to television by American International Productions Television (A.I.P.-TV). Gammera, the Invincible's American premiere was in New Orleans on December 15, 1966.

Gammera, The Invincible was heavily re-edited from its original Japanese version. Shots and scenes were moved around, while some were deleted completely. New footage featuring American actors, including Albert Dekker and Brian Donlevy, was spliced in to create a more international feel and to replace scenes shot in Japan featuring American characters, in a style similar to the U.S. release of Godzilla, King of the Monsters!.

Gammera, the Invincible was dubbed by Titan Sound Inc. It features the voices of Jack Curtis and Peter Fernandez, who are best known as voices in the English dubs of Speed Racer and Ultraman. It is in the public domain in the United States and has been released on DVD by too many companies to fully list, although a 1999 VHS by Neptune Media is the only version to present the film in its original aspect ratio.

In 1985, Sandy Frank Enterprises commissioned a new dub of the film, possibly from Anvil Studios, which was first released in 1987. The Sandy Frank version, titled simply Gamera, is simply the Japanese version of the film dubbed into English, with two differences. Like the other Gamera films distributed by Sandy Frank, it features a new credits sequence with footage of ocean waves as a backdrop. Gamera's raid on the geothermal power plant is also edited differently.[1] It is only available via VHS and LaserDiscs released by Celebrity Home Entertainment in the 1980's. Gamera, along with the other four Sandy Frank Gamera movies, was mocked twice on Mystery Science Theater 3000, first on KTMA TV 23, a UHF station in the St. Paul-Minneapolis area, and later in the show's third season.

DVD and Blu-ray Releases

Daiei Video DVD (2001)

  • Region: 2
  • Discs: 1
  • Audio: Japanese (Mono)
  • Special Features: Cast and crew bios, theatrical trailer, Gamera anatomy, interviews with director Noriaki Yuasa (approximately 1:30) and special effects director Yonesaburo Tsukiji (approximately 2:30)
  • Notes: Only the movie itself has English subtitles. Out of print.

Shout! Factory DVD (2010)

  • Region: 1
  • Discs: 1
  • Audio: Japanese (1.0 Mono)
  • Special Features: Audio commentary by August Ragone, 10-page booklet, trailer, gallery of publicity materials, "A Retrospective Look at the Gamera Franchise" featurette (23 minutes)

Mill Creek DVD (2014) [Gamera: Legacy Collection]

Mill Creek Blu-ray (2014) [Gamera: Ultimate Collection, Volume 1]

Kadokawa released Gamera on Blu-ray in 2009, with additional DVD releases in 2010 and 2016. Further information is not available yet.

Videos

Gammera the Invincible in widescreen (ripped from the Neptune Media VHS)
Mystery Science Theater 3000 episode K05 - Gamera
Japanese Gamera trailer
American Gammera the Invincible trailer
Roger Corman hosts Gamera for AMC Monsterfest 1999

Trivia

  • The World Entertainment/Harris Associates cut of the film, entitled Gammera, The Invincible, contains one shot of Gamera not in the original Japanese version or the Sandy Frank dub. It is a wide shot of Gamera attacking the nuclear reactor.
  • This film is the only film in the Gamera series where Gamera does not fight another monster.
  • In a scene that was filmed but ultimately not used, Toshio’s classmates bullied him for not wanting to build model kits or listen to music with them. One of those kids was played by Tôru Furuya, who would go on to become a prominent voice actor, his roles including Seiya in Saint Seiya, Yamcha in the Dragon Ball series, Tuxedo Mask in Sailor Moon, and Amuro Ray in Mobile Suit Gundam.
  • Gamera was originally supposed to be called "Kamera" ("kame" being the Japanese word for turtle), but the name was judged to be too similar to "camera."
  • Daiei president Masaichi Nagata claims he came up with the idea for Gamera when he looked out the window of a plane and saw a cloud that looked like a turtle (a story that matches Tomoyuki Tanaka's yarn about Godzilla's origin almost exactly). P Productions founder Tomio Sagisu disputes this story, saying that Daiei stole one of the monster ideas he had for a half-hour kaiju TV show. The proposed series was rejected by all of Japan’s major studios, Daiei included, for the high budget it would require. Apparently, one of his teleplays included the description "the turtle monster flies by pulling its head into its shell and shooting flames."
  • The Gamera suit used for the majority of filming was 6 ½ feet tall and 110 pounds, built by Kanji and Koei Yagi, who also built the suit used the first Godzilla movie. A second, heavier suit was used for fire-breathing scenes, so as to better protect the actor inside.
  • All of the stuntmen Daiei hired to play Gamera quit in short order, forcing the special effects staff to draw lots to determine who would climb in the suit each day. Kazuo Yagi did the most time.
  • The original script called for Toshio to have a dream in which he played with Gamera.
  • Gamera's fire was created with pressurized propane. Rumor has it that one of the small mechanical models used during a fire-eating scene exploded during filming.
  • The Sandy Frank dub of Gamera was featured on Season 3 of the movie-mocking television series Mystery Science Theater 3000. It was also riffed on the show during its original broadcast on the Minneapolis-area station KTMA.

References

This is a list of references for Gamera (1965 film). These citations are used to identify the reliable sources on which this article is based. These references appear inside articles in the form of superscript numbers, which look like this: [1]

Kadokawa Pictures (formerly Daiei Motion Picture Company)
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Movie
Era Icon - Gamera.png



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Gamera

10 months ago
Score 0
Great start to the franchise. Love the classic black and white.