American International Pictures

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American International Pictures (AIP) was an American film distributor that distributed several Toho films to American theaters. The company was founded in 1954 as American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff.[1] The company primarily released low-budget films as double features from the 1950s through the 1970s, including many of Roger Corman's films. AIP formed its own television production and distribution company, American International Television (AITV), in 1964,[2] which released five of the eight films in the Showa Gamera series and many other kaiju films to American television. The company went defunct in 1979 and was acquired by Filmways, who syndicated Gamera: Super Monster in the U.S. in 1980 before being purchased by Orion Pictures that same year.[3] Most of AIP's library is now owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, which purchased Orion in 1997.[4]

Selected releases[edit | edit source]

American International Pictures[edit | edit source]

American International Television[edit | edit source]

Filmways Pictures[edit | edit source]

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • AIP's version of Mothra vs. Godzilla and a reconstruction of its version of Frankenstein vs. Baragon were released to DVD by Simitar Entertainment and Classic Media, and Media Blasters, respectively. The company's versions of Destroy All Monsters and Godzilla vs. Hedorah have long since been replaced on home video by Toho-commissioned international English dubs and the original Japanese versions; however, Media Blasters released Destroy All Monsters with the AIP version included to DVD and Blu-ray in 2011, only for both of these releases to be pulled from circulation due to a dispute with Toho over other bonus features that were included.
  • For many years, the AITV versions of the Showa Gamera films were believed to be in the public domain by numerous companies. Some, such as Sinister Cinema and Something Weird Video, were the first to bring these versions to home video, followed by DVD releases from Alpha Video, Retromedia, and others in the early 2000s. Neptune Media was the first company to officially release the soundtrack from AITV's Attack of the Monsters on home video. Except for War of the Monsters, the soundtracks for the remaining films were then first officially released in 2010 and 2011 by Shout! Factory. Arrow Video's Gamera: The Complete Collection subsequently included remastered audio and video from MGM's library of all of AITV's Gamera releases.

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Warning from Space was initially Americanized and released to television in the United States by Four Star International in 1964. It was subsequently released by American International Television beginning in 1968.[6][7]

References[edit | edit source]

This is a list of references for American International Pictures. These citations are used to identify the reliable sources on which this article is based. These references appear inside articles in the form of superscript numbers, which look like this: [1]

  1. Craig 2019, p. 5.
  2. Craig 2019, p. 13.
  3. Craig 2019, p. 425.
  4. Craig 2019, p. 6.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 Craig 2019, p. 429
  6. Heffernan 2004, pp. 240-241.
  7. Craig 2019, p. 403.
  8. Craig 2019, p. 23.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Craig, Rob (2019). American International Pictures: A Comprehensive Filmography. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 9781476666310.
  • Heffernan, Kevin (2004). Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold: Horror Films and the American Movie Business, 1953–1968. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822332152.

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