American International Pictures

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American International Pictures (AIP) is a film production label of MGM. In its first incarnation as an American film distributor, it was founded in 1954 as American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff.[1] AIP released low-budget American films and imported films from the 1950s to the 1970s, including many tokusatsu films made by Toho and Daiei. AIP formed its own television production and distribution company, American International Television (AITV), in 1964,[2] which released five of the eight films in the Showa Gamera series and several other kaiju and tokusatsu films to American television. The company went defunct in 1979 and was acquired by Filmways, which syndicated Gamera Super Monster in the U.S. in 1982, two years after being purchased by Orion Pictures.[3] Most of AIP's library is now owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), which purchased Orion in 1997.[4] In 2020, AIP was relaunched by MGM as a label for limited and digital releases of new independent films.

Selected releases

American International Pictures

American International Television

Filmways Pictures



  1. Warning from Space was initially Americanized and released to television syndication in the United States by Four Star International in 1964. It was subsequently re-released by American International Television beginning in 1968.[6][7]


This is a list of references for American International Pictures. These citations are used to identify the reliable sources on which this article is based. These references appear inside articles in the form of superscript numbers, which look like this: [1]

  1. Craig 2019, p. 5.
  2. Craig 2019, p. 13.
  3. Craig 2019, p. 425.
  4. Craig 2019, p. 6.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 Craig 2019, p. 429
  6. Heffernan 2004, pp. 240-241.
  7. Craig 2019, p. 403.
  8. Craig 2019, p. 23.


  • Craig, Rob (2019). American International Pictures: A Comprehensive Filmography. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 9781476666310.
  • Heffernan, Kevin (2004). Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold: Horror Films and the American Movie Business, 1953–1968. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822332152.


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