Carlo Rambaldi was an Italian special effects artist. After studying painting, Rambaldi developed an appreciation for electromechanics and the skeletal and muscular structure of the human body, and was heavily influenced by the work of famous painters Picasso and Renato Guttuso. His first work in a film came with 1957's The Dragon's Blood, for which he created a fire-breathing dragon. Afterward, Rambaldi became a full-time special effects director and worked on the films of famed Italian directors such as Dario Argento, Lucio Fulci, and Mario Bava. Rambaldi's expertise led to work in Hollywood for the films of other high-profile directors such as Ridley Scott, Steven Spielberg, and John Guillermin. Rambaldi was responsible for the special effects in Dino De Laurentiis' King Kong, working alongside makeup artist Rick Baker to bring Kong to life. Though Baker and Rambaldi clashed at times with a very limited timetable to realize the effects, Baker later gave all credit for Kong's passable appearance in the film to Rambaldi. Despite these difficulties, Rambaldi received a Special Achievement Academy Award for Best Visual Effects for his work on the film. He went on to win two Academy Awards for Best Visual Effects in 1980 and 1983 for his work on Alien and E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, respectively. Rambaldi died after a long illness on August 10, 2012, at the age of 86.
- King Kong (1976) - King Kong designer and engineer / Kong constructor [with Glen Robinson and Rick Baker]
- King Kong Lives (1986) - Creature creation and construction
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