Giant Octopus

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Giant Octopus
The Giant Octopus in the alternate ending for Frankenstein vs. Baragon
Alternate names Ōdako, Oodako, Giant Devilfish
Subtitle(s) Devil of the Sea
(海の悪魔,   Umi no Akuma)[1]
Deep-Sea Monster
(深海怪獣,   Shinkai Kaijū)[2]
Sea Demon (海魔,   Umi Ma)[3][4]
Mysterious Demon (怪魔,   Kai Ma)[5]
Height 30 meters[1][2][6]
Length 20 metersWotG[7]
Weight 600 metric tonsKKvG[6][note 1]
20,000 metric tonsFvB-WotG[6]
Enemies King Kong, Frankenstein, Gaira
Conceived by Shinichi Sekizawa
Modeled by Eizo Kaimai,KKvG Keizo Murase,FvB Kanju Yagi,FVB Yasuei YagiFvB
Portrayed by Live octopi,KKvG puppets
First appearance Latest appearance
King Kong vs. Godzilla The War of the Gargantuas
Roar(s)
More roars

The Giant Octopus ( (おお)ダコ,   Ōdako) is a cephalopod kaiju who first appeared in the 1962 Toho Godzilla film, King Kong vs. Godzilla. It returned in the alternate ending of Frankenstein vs. Baragon, and finally in The War of the Gargantuas. After the Showa series, the monster was featured in Godzilla: Heart-Pounding Monster Island!! for the Sega Pico and the first prequel novel to the anime GODZILLA trilogy, GODZILLA: Monster Apocalypse.

Name

Toho's official name for the creature is read Ōdako (alternatively spelled Oodako), which simply means "Giant Octopus."[8] "Daidako" is a mistranslated nickname as the 大 kanji in the Giant Octopus' Japanese name of 大ダコ is sometimes read dai, though in this instance it's read as ō which nevertheless translates to "giant octopus."

Development

Shinichi Sekizawa added a scene featuring a giant octopus into his King Kong vs. Godzilla screenplay without warning, but Eiji Tsuburaya and his team liked the idea.[9]

Several live octopi were used to portray the monster onscreen. Assistant special effects director Teruyoshi Nakano recalled that getting them to move was difficult, saying: "We threw the octopus on the table and poked him with a stick, threw water on him, and blew air on him, but it wouldn't move. No matter how hard we did it, it wouldn't move. We even tried to use cigarettes!"[10] Finally, someone came up with the idea of using lighting equipment and a pin filter to shoot the octopus with a beam of light. Once the shots were finished, the crew released some of the animals and ate the rest.

For the scenes where King Kong suit actor Shoichi Hirose was required to tussle with the octopus, a rubber puppet was instead used. Several full-sized tentacle props also flail around during the battle with the Faro Islanders. All of the molded objects were created by Eizo Kaimai, who used latex casts of real octopi.[6] Finally, a stop-motion tentacle appears during the Giant Octopus' siege, picking up a Faro Island warrior and throwing him.

Keizo Murase and brothers Kanju and Yasuei Yagi built a larger Giant Octopus puppet for the would-be American ending to Frankenstein vs. Baragon. According to Murase, the prop consisted of a wire-mesh frame covered in foam (the frame later removed), which was then coated with sawdust and latex.[6] The film was a co-production with UPA, led by Henry G. Saperstein. During post-production, he requested that Ishiro Honda and Tsuburaya shoot a new ending involving a giant octopus, impressed by the creature's portrayal in King Kong vs. Godzilla. Of the scene, Honda thought that "putting the octopus in a lake in the mountains was very awkward."[11] Famous Monsters of Filmland initially reported the title as "Frankenstein vs. the Giant Devilfish" and published photos of the artificial human dueling the cephalopod. However, when AIP distributed the film as Frankenstein Conquers the World, they used the original ending where Frankenstein plummets into a fissure. Saperstein said the new octopus "wasn't that good," and the ending remained unreleased until it accidentally aired on Japanese television on April 8, 1971.[12][11] Both Toho and Tokyo Shock have since made it available on home video.

Saperstein managed to get the same octopus prop in the next UPA co-production, The War of the Gargantuas, with its scene remaining in both the Japanese and American versions this time. The prop had lights installed in its eyes, which were controlled using a variable autotransformer.[6] More full-sized tentacles allowed it to menace the sailors. Around the same time, Tsuburaya Productions used the prop to depict Sudar in episode 23 of Ultra Q, accompanied by stock footage from King Kong vs. Godzilla. Tsuburaya brought it back again two years later for episode 14 of "Fight! Mighty Jack."

History

Showa Series

King Kong vs. Godzilla

The Giant Octopus crawled ashore on Faro Island and attacked a village hut in an attempt to retrieve the Farolacton juice the natives stored there. The natives, along with Osamu Sakurai and Kinsaburo Furue, attempted to defeat the Giant Octopus with spears and shotguns, but to no avail. King Kong then appeared behind a giant wooden wall, crumbling it with his bare hands and throwing the pieces at the Giant Octopus. Kong grabbed the creature, but the octopus held tightly onto Kong's head. After a short struggle, Kong pulled the monster off and threw it to the ground. He then threw two boulders at the Giant Octopus' head, causing it to flee back to the beach and return to the sea

Frankenstein vs. Baragon

After Frankenstein defeated Baragon, the Giant Octopus came from the sea and attacked Frankenstein. Frankenstein fought back fiercely, but couldn't compete with the Giant Octopus' numerous and powerful tentacles. It dragged Frankenstein into the water, never to be seen again.

The War of the Gargantuas

The Giant Octopus suddenly attacked a fishing trawler, menacing its crew with its tentacles. However, Gaira soon appeared and attacked the Giant Octopus, defeating it by lifting and throwing it into the sea. Gaira then destroyed the fishing boat himself.

Filmography

Abilities

Tentacles

The Giant Octopus attacks enemies with its eight tentacles, which it used to conquer Frankenstein. However, the larger King Kong and Gaira both easily overpowered it.

Amphibiousness

The Giant Octopus can stay on land for extended periods of time without its combat ability being hindered, as demonstrated in King Kong vs. Godzilla and Frankenstein vs. Baragon.

Video Games

Godzilla: Heart-Pounding Monster Island!!

The Giant Octopus makes its only known video game appearance in the 1995 game Godzilla: Heart-Pounding Monster Island!! for the Sega Pico. In this game, the Giant Octopus appears on the second page, and will spit ink at Godzilla if the player causes a battleship to fire a cannon at a tree, which drops a coconut on the Octopus' head. The Giant Octopus can also initiate a minigame, where the player must solve different puzzles based on the tentacles the Giant Octopus is holding up.

Books

GODZILLA: Monster Apocalypse

The Giant Octopus lived in the Pacific Ocean, where it sank several fishing and transport vessels every year.[13]

Gallery

Main article: Giant Octopus/Gallery.

Roar

Befitting its species, the Giant Octopus's 'roars' are breathing sounds recorded from live octopi.

The Giant Octopus' roars

Trivia

  • The inclusion of the Giant Octopus in Toho's vast slate of monsters may be the fulfillment of a dream of special effects director Eiji Tsuburaya, who had always wished to make a monster film with a giant octopus.[14]
A map of Monster Island, promo material for All Monsters Attack, featuring the Giant Octopus (top right)
  • According to Ishiro Honda, the alternate ending to Frankenstein vs. Baragon featuring the Giant Octopus was included at the behest of the film's American backers, who were impressed by the Giant Octopus scenes from King Kong vs. Godzilla and wanted the creature to appear in the film. Eiji Tsuburaya shot the sequence with the Giant Octopus specifically for inclusion in the American version of the film, but the lead American producer of the film, Henry G. Saperstein, felt it was too abrupt and anticlimactic and asked for it to be excluded. Despite not appearing in any theatrical version of the film, the Giant Octopus sequence was preserved and appeared in Japanese television airings of the film and also as a special feature in Toho's DVD releases of the film.
    • In a 1994 interview with David Milner, Teruyoshi Nakano recalled that the villain monster in Ebirah, Horror of the Deep was originally a giant octopus.[15] Since no other known source corroborates this, he may have been thinking of Sekizawa's original plans for All Monsters Attack.
    • A map of Monster Island made as promotional material for the film (and included in its tie-in theater program) features a giant octopus.
  • The Giant Octopus was considered for Godzilla: Final Wars, as indicated by a piece of concept art.
  • According to Kong: Skull Island director Jordan Vogt-Roberts, Kong's battle with the Mire Squid in the film is meant to be a nod to his battle with the Giant Octopus in King Kong vs. Godzilla.[16]
  • When animators working on Davy Jones' tentacles in the 2006 film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest were having trouble finding footage of octopi on land, animation supervisor Hal Hickel hit upon the idea of using the Giant Octopus scene in King Kong vs. Godzilla as a reference.[17]

Video

Wikizilla: YouTube Kaiju Profile: Giant Octopus

Notes

  1. Some sources state that the 1962 Giant Octopus weighs 2,000 metric tons, rather than 600.

References

This is a list of references for Giant Octopus. These citations are used to identify the reliable sources on which this article is based. These references appear inside articles in the form of superscript numbers, which look like this: [1]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Godzilla Toho Giant Monster Pictorial Book. Shogakukan. p. 102. 1 April 2005. ISBN: 4-09-280052-5.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Definitive Edition Godzilla Introduction (14th Edition). Shogakukan. p. 71. 20 November 1996. ISBN: 4-09-220142-7.
  3. Toho Special Effects Movie Complete Works. Village Books. p. 108, 133-135. 28 September 2012. ISBN: 4-864-91013-8.
  4. Japanese King Kong vs. Godzilla trailer
    Umi Ma Oodako.png
  5. Kodansha Hit Books: Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah Monster Great Complete Works. Kodansha. p. 69. 5 December 1991. ISBN: 4061777203.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 All Toho Monsters Pictorial Book (4th Edition). Yosensha. pp. 77, 109, 122. 4 September 2016. ISBN: 978-4-8003-0362-2.
  7. Toho Special Effects All Monster Encyclopedia. Shogakukan. p. 43. 23 July 2014. ISBN: 4-096-82090-3.
  8. Kiryu timeline 2.jpg
  9. Guy Mariner Tucker. Age of the Gods: A History of the Japanese Fantasy Film. Feral House. p. 151. 1996.
  10. G-Fest 2004 panel, published in G-Fan #71.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Steve Ryfle and Ed Godzizewski. Ishiro Honda: A Life in Film. Wesleyan University Press. p. 226. 2017. ISBN: 9780819577412.
  12. Renji Ōki. GODZILLA: Monster Apocalypse. Kadokawa. pp. 112-150. October 25, 2017.
  13. Eiji Tsuburaya: Master of Monsters (Paperback). Chronicle Books. p. 34. 6 May 2014. ISBN: 978-1-4521-3539-7.
  14. [KAIJU CONVERSATIONS: An Interview with Teruyoshi Nakano]
  15. Interview: Jordan Vogt-Roberts
  16. DVD Talk - Behind The Scenes of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest

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