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MOGUERA® copyright icon
MOGUERA in Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla
Alternate names Moguera, Mogela, Mogera,
Moguera-SRF, Moguera 2, MGR,
M.O.G.U.E.R.A., M.O.G.E.R.A.
Subtitle(s) Anti-Godzilla Weapon
(対ゴジラ兵器,   Tai Gojira Heiki)[1]
Anti-G Weapon
(対兵器,   Tai Jī Heiki)[2]
Anti-Godzilla Battle Robot
Tai Gojirayō Sentō Robotto
Super-Mobile Combining Weapon
(合体超機動兵器,   Gattai Chō Kidō Heiki)G:TB
Species Mecha
Height 120 meters[4]
Weight 160,000 metric tons[4]
Star Falcon, Land Moguera
Controlled by G-Force, CKRGRoE
Allies Godzilla, Godzilla Junior, Rodan, Mothra, Mothra Leo, Mechagodzilla, Jet Jaguar, Medical Jet Jaguar, Fire Fighter Jet Jaguar, KiryuGRoE
Enemies SpaceGodzilla, MechagodzillaGvSGM, Destoroyah, Megalon, Battra, King Ghidorah, Gigan, Orga, Trilopod
Designed by Minoru Yoshida
Played by Wataru Fukuda
First appearance Latest appearance
Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla Godzilla Island
HeiseiTrading Battle:Unleashed:More roars
This article covers the Heisei incarnation of Moguera. For the Showa incarnation of the character, see Moguera.

MOGUERA (MOGERA (モゲラ),   Mogera) is a U.N.-built mecha that first appeared in the 1994 Godzilla film, Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla.

Constructed by G-Force after the destruction of Mechagodzilla, MOGUERA was built to do what its predecessor had come so close to doing: destroy Godzilla. MOGUERA's first action came not against Godzilla, but a crystalline anomaly that was sighted approaching Earth. MOGUERA was launched to destroy the space creature, but was severely damaged and failed to halt its approach to Earth. MOGUERA was salvaged and repaired by G-Force, then deployed to Fukuoka to stop the space monster, now known as SpaceGodzilla, after it constructed its own fortress in the city. MOGUERA engaged SpaceGodzilla, and was joined by Godzilla, who sought to rescue his adopted son from his extraterrestrial clone. Together, MOGUERA and Godzilla were able to destroy SpaceGodzilla's power source in the Fukuoka Tower and finally destroy him, but MOGUERA was also obliterated in the battle, leaving only Godzilla standing.

Name[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA's Japanese name comes from that of the original Moguera, which itself is derived from the Japanese word mogura (土竜 or もぐら, lit. dirt dragon), meaning "mole." Unlike the original, however, MOGUERA's name is often spelled in Latin characters as MOGERA or M・O・G・E・R・A,[5] though pronounced the same. The MOGUERA acronym stands for "Mobile Operation Godzilla Universal Expert Robot Aero-type," though the "Universal" portion is omitted from the Japanese acronym, due to MOGUERA's name not having a U. The book Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla Super Complete Works instead expands the acronym as "Mobile Operation G-Expert Robot Aerotype,"[5] while the Japanese trailer for Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla writes the Aero-type portion as "A-type."[1] After being repaired and upgraded following its first battle with SpaceGodzilla, it is designated MOGUERA II-SRF (MOGERA (モゲラ) (ツー)SRF (エスアールエフ),   Mogera Tsū Esuāruefu). MOGUERA's name is sometimes abbreviated as MGR, such as on the helmets of its pilots.[5]

While this version of the character's name is usually spelled as an acronym in both English and Japanese media, it is still sometimes spelled in English as Moguera, or in katakana as モゲラ. In the game Godzilla: Save the Earth, it is referred to as Moguera 2, likely referencing its status as the second distinct incarnation of the character, similar to the game's Mechagodzilla 2 and Mechagodzilla 3.

Development[edit | edit source]

Early MOGUERA concept art

It was the idea of special effects director Koichi Kawakita to revive Moguera from The Mysterians, which was one of his favorite monsters, for the sixth entry in the Heisei series. During development of Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla, MOGUERA was nearly replaced by Mechagodzilla, though Kawakita won out. Minoru Yoshida designed the new incarnation of Moguera,[6] and various different ideas were considered in his early designs. Some ideas had MOGUERA transform into an individual aircraft or underground vehicle, while another had it transform into the Gotengo from Atragon.[6] Ultimately, MOGUERA incorporated an early idea for Mechagodzilla, in that it was the combined form of two different vehicles. In the film's screenplay, the flying vehicle was called the Garuda II while the subterranean one was named the Mole Tank.[7]

Wataru Fukuda tests the unfinished lower half of the MOGUERA suit

The MOGUERA suit was two meters tall,[7] and like the original Moguera it was composed of separate upper and lower halves which could be worn individually. Just like in The Mysterians, shots of MOGUERA's legs were accomplished through suit actor Wataru Fukuda wearing only the suit's lower half.[8] A 70 centimeter miniature was created to depict MOGUERA transforming into Land Moguera and Star Falcon, and this miniature was later converted into a prop to show MOGUERA in flight.[7] A full-scale model of MOGUERA's neck was also built for the scene where Akira Yuki struggles to escape the mech at the film's climax.[8]

Design[edit | edit source]

Just like the previous incarnation of the character, MOGUERA is a giant bipedal robot resembling a mole with square feet, a sawblade on its back, a drill on its nose, cone-shaped hands, and a short tail. In contrast to the green, gray, and yellow color sheme of the original Moguera, the Heisei version is silver with a black nose and hands and light blue trim on its body. MOGUERA has yellow eyes and a singular antenna atop its head. It has a port for the Plasma Maser Cannon on its chest, and tank treads on the bottom of its feet.

Origins[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA is an anti-Godzilla mecha constructed by G-Force with the assistance of Russia under the leadership of Dr. Alexander Mammilov,[9] whereas Mechagodzilla was constructed in conjunction with the United States led by Dr. Leo Asimov. While the two machines were completed one year apart, they were both constructed simultaneously in different sections.[9] MOGUERA's construction was delayed due to the complexity of the mech's structure, and it was finally completed in 1995 using the mainframe and surviving parts from Mechagodzilla.[9] According to the book Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla Super Complete Works, MOGUERA was seemingly constructed with reference to documents of the original Moguera collected by the United Nations back in 1957 when the Mysterians attacked.[5]

History[edit | edit source]

Heisei era[edit | edit source]

Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA was constructed after the destruction of Mechagodzilla in another attempt to kill Godzilla. It could split up into two different vehicles: Land Moguera and Star Falcon. It was first sent to fight SpaceGodzilla when he was detected flying toward Earth. MOGUERA was sent flying out of control into space by SpaceGodzilla, but it managed to make it back to Earth. It was sent out again after undergoing repairs to engage SpaceGodzilla in Fukuoka, but pilot Akira Yuki, who held a grudge against Godzilla, redirected the mech and attacked Godzilla instead. The other pilots, Koji Shinjo and Kiyoshi Sato, knocked Yuki out and flew to Fukuoka. MOGUERA battled SpaceGodzilla alone until Godzilla arrived and joined the battle. MOGUERA's pilots decided to focus their attacks on SpaceGodzilla, and assist Godzilla in knocking out SpaceGodzilla's power source, the Fukuoka Tower. MOGUERA split into Star Falcon and Land Moguera, and with Godzilla's help managed to destroy the tower. With SpaceGodzilla's means of constantly recharging his energy disabled, Land Moguera emerged from the ground and began firing on SpaceGodzilla, with Star Falcon providing air support, to stall for time and allow the two vehicles to reform into MOGUERA. After reforming, the mech managed to destroy SpaceGodzilla's shoulder crystals with its spiral grenade missiles. Godzilla and MOGUERA seemed to have the upper hand, but SpaceGodzilla responded by using his tail crystals to stab and throw MOGUERA at a building, causing it to become trapped. Shinjo and Sato escaped the downed mecha, but Yuki stayed behind and attempted to fly MOGUERA back into the battle. With sparks erupting from MOGUERA's ruined armor, Yuki slammed the machine into SpaceGodzilla, knocking the monster down, but MOGUERA lost control, crashing into a series of buildings and becoming completely disabled. Shinjo rescued Yuki from the wreckage before Godzilla took advantage of MOGUERA's last act to bring down SpaceGodzilla. Godzilla used his hyper spiral ray to finish his adversary off, striking the space monster with the beam before he could get back up. The first shot crippled SpaceGodzilla, and the second struck the wreckage of MOGUERA, blasting the mech's head off of its body and engulfing what was left of the machine in flames. The third and final shot destroyed SpaceGodzilla for good, creating a massive explosion that completely obliterated the celestial clone. MOGUERA may have fallen in the final battle, but Godzilla could not have won the confrontation without the machine's help.

Godzilla Island[edit | edit source]

Moguera in Godzilla Island

In this series, MOGUERA is one of Besuke Jinguji's mechs, along with Jet Jaguar (and his two variants) and Mechagodzilla. The Showa Moguera also appears, this time named "Proto-Moguera," and is acquired by G-Guard, but then stolen by Zagres.

Abilities[edit | edit source]

Plasma Laser Cannon[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA fires its Plasma Laser Cannons

MOGUERA possesses a Plasma Laser Cannon (プラズマレーザーキャノン,   Purazuma Rēzā Kyanon) in each of its eyes. The laser takes the form of a rapid stream of yellow energy blasts, which are said to be three times as powerful as Mechagodzilla's Laser Cannons. Because the Plasma Laser Cannon fires a repeating series of individual laser blasts, the weapon can be cooled and recharged repeatedly as it fires, preventing it from overheating and allowing MOGUERA to continuously use the attack.

Automatic Tracking Laser Cannon[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA fires its Automatic Tracking Laser Cannons

MOGUERA can fire an Automatic Tracking Laser Cannon (自動追尾式レーザー砲,   Jidō Tsuibi-Shiki Rēzā-hō) from its hands. This laser possesses high penetrating power and can track targets, allowing MOGUERA to easily target and strike a moving enemy with the laser by moving its arms. MOGUERA used this laser in its first battle with SpaceGodzilla, while the Automatic Tracking Laser Cannon also serves as Land Moguera's primary weapon.

Crusher Drill[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA uses its Crusher Drill to pierce SpaceGodzilla's skin

MOGUERA possesses a large drill on its face known as the Crusher Drill (クラッシャードリル,   Kurasshā Doriru). The Crusher Drill grants MOGUERA close-range combat ability, something which its predecessor Mechagodzilla lacked. MOGUERA used the Crusher Drill in combination with its roller system to perform a maneuver known as the Drill Attack (ドリルアタック,   Doriru Atakku), where MOGUERA's roller system causes it to accelerate forward while the Crusher Drill rotates. MOGUERA utilized the Drill Attack against SpaceGodzilla, and successfully penetrated its enemy's skin and drew blood. The Crusher Drill is also present on Land Moguera's front end, allowing the vehicle to burrow underground.

Plasma Maser Cannon[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA fires its Plasma Maser Cannon

MOGUERA's most powerful weapon is the Plasma Maser Cannon (プラズマメーサーキャノン,   Purazuma Mēsā Kyanon), a powerful Maser Cannon equipped on its abdomen. It is said to be five times more powerful than the Maser beam fired by the MBT-MB92. The Plasma Maser Cannon can be fired more quickly than Mechagodzilla's Plasma Grenade; however, when it is being fired it leaves MOGUERA's abdomen exposed and compromises its armor.

Synthetic Blue Diamond-Coated Armor[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA is covered in a Synthetic Blue Diamond-Coated Armor (合成ブルーダイヤコーティング装甲,   Gōsei Burūdaiya Kōtingu Sōkō), which can harmlessly reflect Godzilla's atomic breath. The armor is applied in such a way that the parts of MOGUERA that would be most vulnerable to Godzilla's atomic breath are the most heavily armored. While it is more resistant than Mechagodzilla's Diamond Coating, MOGUERA's armor lacks the ability to absorb plasma from Godzilla's atomic breath like Mechagodzilla's Plasma Grenade.

MECM[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA II-SRF is equipped with a jamming system called MECM, an acronym for Magnetic & Electronic Counter Measure (マグネティック&エレクトロニック=カウンター=メイジャー,   Magunetikku Ando Erekutoronikku Kauntā Meijā). It is designed to interfere with the electromagnetic waves given off by SpaceGodzilla by emitting disturbing radio waves. It receives the electromagnetic waves through MOGUERA's antenna and responds by transmitting disturbing radio waves through a sonar device on the circular saw on MOGUERA's back.

Complex Sensor System[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA has seven sensors collectively known as the Complex Sensor System (複合センサーシステム,   Fukugō Sensā Shisutemu) placed in the slit in its forehead in order to reduce the influence of SpaceGodzilla's electromagnetic waves. The seven complementary sensors are: the Ultra-High Sensitivity Camera (超高感度カメラ,   Chō Kō Kando Kamera), the Infrared Radar (赤外線レーダー,   Sekigaisen Rēdā), the Active Sonar (アクティブソナー,   Akutibu Sonā), the Thermo-Searcher (サーモサーチャー,   Sāmo Sāchā), the Moving Body Scanner (動体スキャナー,   Dōtai Sukyanā), the Gravity Measuring Instrument (重力測定器,   Jūryoku Sokutei-ki), and the Laser Aiming Tracking System (レーザー照準追尾システム,   Rēzā Shōjun Tsuibi Shisutemu).

Spiral Grenade Missiles[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA fires its Spiral Grenade Missiles

Each of MOGUERA's arms is loaded with 12 Spiral Grenade Missiles (スパイラルグレネードミサイル,   Supairaru Gurenēdo Misairu), which are a weapon adapted from Super Mechagodzilla's G-Crusher. The Spiral Grenade Missiles are fired from MOGUERA's hands and spin through the air before piercing their target like a drill. They will then explode following determination from a built-in targeting computer. The Spiral Grenade Missiles were developed to fulfill the same purpose as the G-Crusher; they would target and destroy Godzilla's secondary brain after Land Moguera halted Godzilla's movement by digging underneath him and trapping his feet in the ground. However, MOGUERA never had the chance to use its Spiral Grenade Missiles against Godzilla, and instead utilized them in battle against SpaceGodzilla, successfully destroying his shoulder crystals with them.

All Weapon[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA uses its All Weapon

MOGUERA can fire its Plasma Laser Cannons and Plasma Maser Cannon at the same time in an attack called All Weapon (オールウェポン,   Ōru Uepon). The combined power of both weapons is capable of knocking Godzilla off his feet.

Separation and recombination[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA is the combined form of two vehicles: Land Moguera, a land-based tank with burrowing capabilities, and Star Falcon, a VTOL aircraft. MOGUERA can split apart into both vehicles and then recombine later. MOGUERA split apart into the two vehicles during the final battle against SpaceGodzilla in order to help Godzilla destroy the space monster's power source in the Fukuoka Tower. Star Falcon distracted SpaceGodzilla while Land Moguera destroyed the tower's foundation.

Flight[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA flies through space to intercept SpaceGodzilla

MOGUERA is capable of flight at Mach 1 in Earth's atmosphere and Mach 44 in outer space. The machine can use its weapons while in flight. A well-placed strike from MOGUERA while it is in flight is capable of flooring other monsters, as shown when it rammed SpaceGodzilla in a last-ditch attack.

Beam barrier[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA summons its beam barrier to defend against Mechagodzilla's Mega Buster in the Shogakukan Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla manga

In the manga adaptation of Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla by Shogakukan, MOGUERA can deploy a spherical energy barrier around itself to defend against incoming energy beams. The barrier was strong enough to render Mechagodzilla's Mega Buster completely useless, allowing MOGUERA to get in range to smash its rebuilt predecessor to pieces.

Other[edit | edit source]

In the video game Godzilla: Unleashed, MOGUERA can launch an EMP bomb that instantly detonates and leaves a blast radius for a short duration; and in the game's predecessor can create a Photonic Storm, in which a huge ring of orange-and-blue-colored energy blasts out of MOGUERA, hitting everything around it. MOGUERA can also use its arms and legs to fight in the games.

Weaknesses[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA is impaled and thrown by SpaceGodzilla's tail

During its first battle against SpaceGodzilla, MOGUERA was highly susceptible to interference from SpaceGodzilla's electromagnetic waves, which rendered it inoperable and allowed SpaceGodzilla to easily disable the mech. This weakness was removed, however, when MOGUERA was upgraded as MOGUERA II-SRF with the addition of MECM and the Complex Sensor System.

While MOGUERA's Synthetic Blue Diamond-Coated Armor granted it impressive resistance to Godzilla's atomic breath and allowed it to withstand repeated strikes from SpaceGodzilla's Corona Beam, its left arm was eventually blown off from a direct strike from the Corona Beam. MOGUERA's most critical weakness, however, was the design flaw involving the use of its Plasma Maser Cannon. When the port covering this weapon was open, the armor in MOGUERA's midsection was compromised, allowing it to be critically damaged with an attack targeting the Cannon. SpaceGodzilla badly damaged MOGUERA by impaling it with his tail spike and throwing it through the air while MOGUERA's Plasma Maser Cannon port was open. MOGUERA's wreckage was subsequently obliterated when Godzilla used his spiral heat ray to finish off SpaceGodzilla.

Filmography[edit | edit source]

Video games[edit | edit source]

Godzilla: Save the Earth[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA appears in Godzilla: Save the Earth as MOGUERA 2, as well as in Godzilla: Unleashed and Godzilla Unleashed: Double Smash; however, it is unplayable in the latter. Its special attack stat (projectiles and beams) and speed are significantly higher than most other monsters, but its physical offense and defense are very low. To be effective in a fight, MOGUERA must attack from a distance while dodging and retreating, making it a hit-and-run fighter. When it runs out of energy, MOGUERA can temporarily shut down its power and recharge, though this makes it vulnerable as it temporarily cannot move.

Godzilla: Unleashed[edit | edit source]

Height: 120 meters
Weight: 160,000 tons

"MOGUERA was the GDF's first successful anti-monster robot, employing a wide variety of weapons and defensive systems linked by a powerful auto-targeting supercomputer. Although relatively effective, MOGUERA was deemed too physically frail to continue to serve as the GDF's first plan of defense against monster threats. MOGUERA is still in use today, but most often relegated to provide long-range support fire to the GDF's more modern anti-monster robots."

Godzilla (PlayStation 3 / PlayStation 4)[edit | edit source]

Main article: Godzilla (2014 video game)/Kaiju Guide#MOGUERA.

Books[edit | edit source]

GODZILLA: Monster Apocalypse[edit | edit source]

Moguera, an underground combat vehicle used by G-Force, was sent to battle Biollante in Normandy during "Operation: Eternal Light" in 2039. Moguera defeated Biollante by destroying the "heart" in her root cavity.[10]

Comics[edit | edit source]

Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla[edit | edit source]

In this manga adaptation of Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla by Shogakukan, MOGUERA has mostly the same role as in the film, but its fate and combat strategies are different. MOGUERA is stolen by Akira Yuki, the main human protagonist, and is taken to Baas Island to use LittleGodzilla to draw out Godzilla so he can kill him. G-Force sent the rebuilt Mechagodzilla to battle MOGUERA, but the robot was destroyed by the newer mech's advanced technology. Upon arrival at Baas Island, MOGUERA and its pilot are knocked down by SpaceGodzilla after the cosmic kaiju arrives to menace Godzilla. In addition, MOGUERA also suffers very little damage during the final battle with SpaceGodzilla, and is eventually taken back by the U.N.G.C.C.. However, Godzilla disarms the machine by breaking its weapon systems before he departs, wary that the humans could try to harm him and his son again.

Godzilla vs. Destoroyah[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA II (left) and MOGUERA III (right) in the Godzilla vs. Destoroyah manga

In this manga (which is a sequel to the Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla manga), two new MOGUERA units, MOGUERA II and MOGUERA III, are introduced due to their predecessor having been phased out. MOGUERA III is darker than MOGUERA II, and has rounded heavy upper body armor plating with a pronounced spike on its head. The two units are deployed by the U.N.G.C.C. in an attempt to stave off Godzilla's impending meltdown[11], but both are damaged beyond repair due to the massive increase in power Godzilla had received as his meltdown began.

Godzilla: Rulers of Earth[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA made its first IDW appearance in Godzilla: Rulers of Earth #6, where it was sent to fight Gigan and Godzilla, who were battling in Las Vegas, Nevada. When it arrived, it briefly fought Gigan and was soon caught by the massive hands of Orga, who pulled MOGUERA in half. MOGUERA was able to transform into Star Falcon and Land Moguera and assisted in fighting the two alien kaiju until Jet Jaguar arrived and destroyed Orga temporarily.

MOGUERA later took part in the large brawl against the Trilopods in Los Angeles alongside Kiryu and Godzilla. MOGUERA rammed itself into the frozen Baragon-Trilopod after it was hit by Kiryu's Absolute Zero Cannon, but was later torn apart by the Kumonga-Trilopod and Titanosaurus-Trilopod. Despite being seemingly destroyed in the previous battle, MOGUERA returned, and was last seen taking part in the final battle against Magita, flying off to fight the beast while Jet Jaguar was in the midst of fighting Gigan.

Godzilla in Hell[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA in Godzilla in Hell

MOGUERA was present in Rio de Janeiro at some point during the battle between Godzilla and SpaceGodzilla in issue #3, but was defeated. MOGUERA can be seen wedged in a pile of broken buildings, with the left side of its head and left shoulder on fire. Nearby, the remains of what appears to be Kiryu's arm can be seen, indicating that both mechs were sent to take part in the battle but were destroyed.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Main article: MOGUERA/Gallery.

Roar[edit | edit source]

MOGUERA, like the Showa incarnation, was a unique case in Toho's kaiju library, as it did not have any actual roars. It did, however, have sounds for its engines and beam attacks. In Godzilla: Trading Battle, MOGUERA and Moguera were both given the same brief robotic footstep sound. Meanwhile, for Godzilla: Save the Earth and Godzilla: Unleashed, MOGUERA could say its own name; this was sampled from the 1984 LP record Sound Effect of Godzilla 2.

Trivia[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Episodes 18, 29-30, 58-59, 66, 77-78, 111, 125, 128, 146, 153, 155, 175-176, 178, 187-188, 210, 214, 216, 227, and 246.

References[edit | edit source]

This is a list of references for MOGUERA. These citations are used to identify the reliable sources on which this article is based. These references appear inside articles in the form of superscript numbers, which look like this: [1]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Godzilla Channel (2 November 2017). 【公式】「ゴジラVSスペースゴジラ」予告 VSシリーズ最多の5大怪獣が登場するゴジラシリーズの第21作目。. YouTube.
  2. Toho Special Effects All Monster Encyclopedia. Shogakukan. 23 July 2014. p. 94. ISBN 4-096-82090-3.
  3. Definitive Edition of Toho Monster Movies!! Godzilla Special Effects Complete Works. Natsumesha. 21 December 1994. p. 43. ISBN 978-4816317750.
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.D. Lees, Marc Cerasini (24 March 1998). The Official Godzilla Compendium. Random House. p. 136. ISBN 0279888225 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla Super Complete Works. Shogakukan. 12 December 1994. pp. 22, 65. ISBN 978-4-09-101444-3.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Heisei Godzilla Perfection. ASCII Media Works. 2012. p. 79. ISBN 978-4-04-886119-9.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Toho Special Effects Movie Complete Works. villagebooks. 28 September 2012. p. 246-247. ISBN 9784864910132.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Godzilla 1954-1999 Super Complete Works. Shogakukan. 1 January 2000. p. 50. ISBN 978-4091014702.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Godzilla vs. G-Force Superweapons Manual. Media Works. March 1995. pp. 82–83. ISBN 4073026984.
  10. Renji Ōki (October 25, 2017). GODZILLA: Monster Apocalypse. Kadokawa. pp. 186–212.


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